Science

In our technological age, science literacy is more important than ever. This is true regardless of one’s interests or anticipated career. All students should seriously consider taking four or five years of science at some level. The science department offers a variety of courses at each level to provide for the specific needs and desires of each student.

All Regents, Honors, and Advanced Placement courses, and most Core courses carry a laboratory requirement. For those classes ending in a Regents exam this includes performing a minimum of 1,200 minutes of laboratory exercises and submitting acceptable written reports based on those exercises. Failure to meet the minimum laboratory requirements prevents the student from taking the Regents exam, and may result in a failing grade.

Teacher recommendations regarding course selection have been shown to accurately predict success, in most cases, and should be followed.

MINIMUM REQUIREMENT FOR GRADUATION

  • Complete three credits in Science
  • Pass two courses that include:
    • One from the Living Environment
    • One from the Physical Setting
  • Pass one Regents exam for a Regents diploma or two Regents exams for an Advanced Regents Diploma

FIRST YEAR OF SCIENCE

PHYSICAL SETTING: EARTH SCIENCE

  • 0242 Earth Science
  • 0240 Earth Science Regents

SECOND YEAR OF SCIENCE

LIVING ENVIRONMENT

  • 0202 Biology
  • 0201 Biology Regents
  • 0200 Biology Honors

THIRD AND FOURTH YEARS OF SCIENCE

PHYSICAL SETTING

  • 0212 Chemistry Non-Regents (Local exam only)
  • 0211 Chemistry Regents
  • 0210 Chemistry Honors
  • 0230 Physical Science
  • 0221 Physics Non-Regents (Local exam only)
  • 0220 Physics Regents
  • 0218 Physics AP 1

SCIENCE ELECTIVES

  • 0203 Anatomy, Physiology and Epidemiology (APE)
  • 0204 Biology AP
  • 0207 Introduction to Environmental Science
  • 0208 Introduction to Human Body Systems
  • 0209 Chemistry AP
  • 0216 Physics AP C Mechanics
  • 0222 Observational Astronomy
  • 0224 Forensic Science
  • 0236 Global Environment (SUNY ESF)
  • 0237 Meteorology

FIRST YEAR OF SCIENCE COURSES

0242 EARTH SCIENCE

40 weeks, 1 credit,  7 1/2 periods/week

The Core Regents Earth Science course is intended for the ninth grade student who has been challenged by math and science in the middle school. Class size is kept smaller so that students’ individual needs can be met. The curriculum is designed to prepare students to meet the NYS Regents lab requirement as well as achieve a passing grade on the Earth Science Regents exam. Emphasis is placed on development of those skills necessary to succeed in lab situations. Final exam – NYS Regents.

0240 EARTH SCIENCE Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week

This course is a laboratory science designed for ninth-grade students who are average to above average in academic ability, particularly in reading and math. Emphasis is placed on open-ended laboratory investigations during which the student discovers key concepts to be further developed during subsequent class discussions. Major topics include: observing and measuring the environment, a model of the earth, solar energy and weather, forces that shape the earth, geologic history of the earth, and basic astronomy. Final exam – NYS Regents.


SECOND YEAR OF SCIENCE COURSES

0202 BIOLOGY

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week

Core Regents Biology is a course for students who struggle with science related skills. It is designed to enable students to successfully complete the state mandate that all students pass one Regents exam in science. The course focuses on seven major topics: diversity of living things, genetics, evolution, reproduction and development, maintenance of homeostasis, ecology and human impacts on the environment. Laboratory experiences and hands on activities are designed to illustrate the course concepts. Parents, students and science faculty are encouraged to discuss whether placement in the Core Regents Biology or Regents Biology is most appropriate for a particular individual. Final exam- NYS Regents.

0201 BIOLOGY Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week

This is a traditional laboratory course. The course focuses on seven major topics: diversity of living things, genetics, evolution, reproduction and development, maintenance of homeostasis, ecology, and human impacts on the environment. Laboratory exercises are designed to illustrate and reinforce course topics. Final exam – NYS Regents.

0200 BIOLOGY Honors

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week

This course is designed for students who are especially interested in biology and have both the ambition and ability to do work at a higher conceptual level. This course covers the topics of Regents Biology in greater depth and explores additional topics. Laboratory exercises and hands-on activities are student-designed to explore and discover scientific concepts. Final exam – NYS Regents and Local Exam.


THIRD AND FOURTH YEARS OF SCIENCE COURSES

0212 CHEMISTRY Non-Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week, Prerequisite – Successful completion of Algebra A II or higher

This non-Regents laboratory course is for students who plan to pursue non-science careers. Its purposes are to help students realize the important role that chemistry will play in their personal and professional lives, use principles of chemistry to think with more insight about current issues they will encounter that involve science and technology, and develop a lifelong awareness of the potential and limitations of science and technology. Laboratory work and written laboratory reports are related to the above purposes. Final assessment – Local.

0211 CHEMISTRY Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week, Co-requisite – Geometry or higher

This is a course for students considering any type of science major or minor in college, a science related career, or a nursing career. Students should have a strong interest in science and understand that chemistry is a demanding course that requires daily study. The topics include: matter and energy, atomic concepts, chemical bonding, the periodic table, mathematics of chemistry, kinetics and equilibrium, acids, bases and salts, oxidation-reduction, basic organic chemistry, and nuclear chemistry. Final exam – NYS Regents.

0210 CHEMISTRY Honors

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week, Co-requisite – Geometry R or higher

This course is designed for those students who are outstanding in science, have strong math skills and would like to take an enriched chemistry course. The units covered in this course are the same as Regents Chemistry but additional topics are explored in greater depth. Final exam – NYS Regents and Local Exams.

0230 PHYSICAL SCIENCE

40 weeks, 1 credit, 5 periods/week

This course includes 1/2 year of physics and 1/2 year of chemistry. It is designed for the non-science major who recognizes the need to understand some physical science. The physics units include: measurement and motion, gravity, forces, work, power and energy. The chemistry units include: matter and its changes, atomic structure, periodic table, formulas, equations and chemical reactions, solutions, acids and bases. These topics in physics and chemistry are reinforced with related laboratory experiments. Problem-solving that requires basic math skills is included. Final assessment – Local/Project based.

0221 PHYSICS Non-Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit,  5 periods/week
This conceptual physics course is designed for non-science majors who wish to round out their science literacy with a full course in physics, including laboratory experiences. It uses a “concepts before math” approach to provide an understanding of topics in mechanics, electricity and magnetism, waves, and modern physics. Concepts in Algebra and Trigonometry will be applied frequently throughout the course. Final assessment – Local.

0220 PHYSICS Regents

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week, Prerequisites – Algebra 2

Physics, the study of the physical universe, should be considered a required course for students planning a science-related major or minor in college. The course is divided into five major areas: mechanics (motion and the forces that affect it), energy, wave phenomena (light and sound), electricity and magnetism, and modern physics (quantum theory and atomic structure). Laboratory work allows the student to actively discover the laws of physics in these areas. Final exam – NYS Regents.

0218 AP PHYSICS I

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week,  Prerequisite – Algebra 2

This course, aimed at serious science students, covers the same major areas as Regents Physics but in greater depth. In following the AP outline, selected topics are added and problem solving is at a substantially higher level than in Regents Physics. Students selecting this course should have an outstanding math background and a desire to be challenged. This course involves extensive laboratory work and problem solving to prepare the students for the AP Physics 1 (non-calculus) exam in May and the N.Y.S. Regents exam in June. The AP Physics I exam may serve as a basis for credit and/or exemption for a freshman college physics course. Final exam- NYS Regents Exam.

0216 AP PHYSICS C MECHANICS

40 weeks, 1 1/2 credit, 10 periods/week, Alternate Days, Prerequisite – Calculus (BC or SUPA); Co-requisite – AP Physics I

This course, intended for students interested in preparing for a career in the sciences (especially engineering, physics, and/or physics education), combines AP Physics 1 with an additional class period every other day to enrich the AP Physics 1 curriculum in order to expose the student to additional physics topics and to prepare the student for either the AP Physics 1 (non-calculus) exam and/or the AP C Mechanics (calculus based) exam in May. All students will take the NYS Regents exam in June. The pace is coordinated with Calculus BC. The AP Physics C Mechanics exam may serve as a basis for credit and/or exemption for a freshman calculus-based college physics course. Final exam – NYS Regents


ELECTIVES

0203 Anatomy, Physiology and Epidemiology (APE)

20 weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, Prerequisite – successful completion of Regents Biology and completion or current enrollment in Regents Chemistry or higher

This course is intended for Regents level science students or higher who are interested in health related professions. This is an advanced course in anatomy and physiology with a focus on disease and epidemiology. This course covers major organ systems, their interactions and malfunctions. Laboratory work allows the student to take an active role in discovering the principles of anatomy, physiology and epidemiology. Final assessment – Local.

0204 BIOLOGY AP

40 weeks, 1 credit,  7 1/2 periods/week, Prerequisite – Successful completion of Biology 0200 or 0201 and Chemistry 0210 or 0211 and teacher recommendation

This is college freshman biology for science majors. It is appropriate for outstanding students who are strong in science, especially chemistry and math. In preparation for the AP Biology exam, students will be responsible for extensive reading of material beyond class lectures and labs. The AP exam serves as a basis for credit and/or exemption of up to 8 college credits in freshman biology in many colleges nationwide. Final assessment – Local.

0207 INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

20 weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week

This course is an introduction to the environment and how humanity, as part of the environment, can protect and manage the world’s resources. It is intended for students who have completed Core Regents Biology (0202). Major topics include: principles of ecology (land, water, and air environments); management of living resources (wildlife, forests, and wilderness), energy sources and uses (technical, social, cultural, and political issues relating to energy acquisition and utilization) and pollution (types, sources, risks, and resolution). Final assessment – Local.

0208 Introduction to Human Body Systems

20 weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, open to sophomores, juniors and seniors

This is an introductory course about the human body. It is intended for students who have completed Core Regents Biology. This course covers the major organ systems of the human body. Laboratory work allows the student to take an active role in discovering the structure of the body and functions of the various systems. Final assessment – Local.

0209 CHEMISTRY AP

40 weeks, 1 credit, 7 1/2 periods/week, Prerequisites – Chemistry 0210 or 0211, Algebra 2 with Trigonometry

This is a college freshman level course mainly intended for students who have successfully completed Honors Chemistry (0210). It is appropriate for outstanding students who are strong in chemistry and math. The course involves extensive laboratory work, readings, and lectures that prepare the student for the AP Chemistry exam in May. The AP exam serves as a basis for credit and/or exemption for freshman college chemistry. Final assessment – Local.

0222 OBSERVATIONAL ASTRONOMY

20 weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, Prerequisite – Successful completion of Earth Science and Algebra AI or higher, Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors

This is an inquiry oriented, descriptive astronomy course, based on National Science Education Standards Project 2061, in which students learn how to become amateur astronomers. Topics include pseudoscience vs. science, constellations, observational technology, models of the universe, the origin of the solar system, stars and galaxies. Students will observe and record celestial objects using the naked eye, binoculars and telescopes. They will identify the main constellations visible in the northern hemisphere as well as analyze the motions of the Sun, Moon, and planets in the planetarium and outdoors during night labs at the observatory. The final exam for the course is given on the last two days of regular class and involves the planetarium as well as a written test.

0224 FORENSIC SCIENCE

20 weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, Prerequisite – Successful completion of Biology and Chemistry

This is an introductory course in forensic science. Students will apply their background knowledge from biology and chemistry to the analysis of simulated crime scene evidence. Major topics will include: the crime scene, forensic serology, fingerprints, impression evidence, document examination, drug chemistry, toxicology and trace evidence. Final assessment – Local.

0236 GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT (ESF)

20 Weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, Prerequisite – Passing (65) course grades and Regents Examination grades in Regents Earth Science,
Regents Biology and Regents Chemistry (or currently enrolled in Regents Chemistry)

Global Environment is a college level course offered as part of an outreach program initiated by SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry. Students learn about global environmental problems and their potential impacts on human populations and the quality of life. Environmental problems are studied within a solid scientific framework. Strategies for addressing these challenges to create a sustainable future are examined within the context of political and societal structures of environmental decision-making. Students are held to the same academic expectations as students taking Global Environment at SUNY-ESF and may earn three college credits for the course. Visits to ESF and consultations with ESF faculty and staff enhance the student experience of learning about important environmental issues. For those wishing to earn SUNY credit, tuition is required. (Scholarship assistance may be available.) Final assessment – Local.

0237 METEOROLOGY

20 Weeks, 1/2 credit, 5 periods/week, Prerequisite – Successful completion of Earth Science and Algebra A1 or higher, Open to sophomores, juniors and seniors

Meteorology is the study of atmospheric processes, patterns, and prediction of weather on a day-to-day basis. This half-credit course focuses on the study of synoptic meteorology, which involves the procedural and analytical aspects of the science. Using lecture and labs, students will explore weather phenomenon to understand and predict meteorological patterns. Topics to be covered include: atmospheric dynamics, formation of severe weather, model and instrument based forecasting. Final exam – Local/Project Based.